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marred by fraud, president karzai and his rival pulls out. president obama sends 30,000 more troops to afghanistan part of the surge. 180 die as ethnic violence erupts in western china haven't troops are sent in to restore order. western leaders accuse iran of building a second nuclear plant diss despite a u.n. ban. six years after the invasion, american troops hand over power in towns and cities. welcome to this week's news review, major stories seen on bbc during the second half of 2009. in july, six years after american-led forces invaded iraq, president obama has announced thetch withdrawn from the country's towns and cities but he warped difficult days lay ahead as iraqis celebrated. a car bomb in the northern city killed 25 people. e bbc's jim muir witnessed events in baghdad. >> despite the bombs an iraqi victory parade to celebrate the last american leaving baghdad and other cities. on the streets, jubilation. across the board, everyone is glad to see the americans go, it means iraqis are back in charge. >> today we saw great pleasure mixed with deep sorrow. the pleasure of
and money to peace with the taliban undermine the environment with the afghan people? homage karzai has been defending himself from the accusation. -- homage karzai. britain's prime minister answered questions from afghan and british students and defended his deployment of british troops. our world from paris -- our world affairs correspondent was there. >> president karzai arrives in london knowing he has repair work to do on his own reputation and that of his government. last ye's afghan elections were widely seen as flawed by widespread corruption. at the same time, more troops than ever were being killed or injured in the war against the taliban. was it, one student asked, worth the price being paid? >> british soldiers have been fighting in afghanistan for nine years. practically half my life. have we seen any change in the situation over there? will we get better? or will my children ask me the same question? >> i think the first thing to say is we had to take action in 2001. after the al-qaeda bombing of new york, the knowledge that al- qaeda were operating from afghanistan, the help
and money to the taliban not undermine the freedoms won by the afghan people? tommy karzai has been defending himself against accusations ahead of thursday's london conference on afghanistan. britain's prime minister gordon brown answered questions from afghan and british students and defended his deployment of british troops. our world affairs correspondent was there. >> president karzai arrives in london knowing that he has repair work to do on his reputation and that of his government. last year's afghan elections were widely seen as flawed by widespread corruption. at the same time, more western troops than ever were killed or injured in the war against the taliban. was it worth the price, one student asked? >>. is it shoulders have been fighting in afghanistan at nine years, -- british soldiers have been fighting in afghanistan nine years, practically have my life. will it get any better or will my children be asking me the same questions? >> i think the first thing to say it is we had to take action in 2001 after the bombing of new york, the knowledge that al qaeda was operati
nominees. president karzai says the president's decision was bad news, but will be respected. >> it was a long and disappointing way 400 karzai. -- disappointing for karzai. his 17 rejected included a controversial former warlord who fought against the taliban. president carter signed wanted him to continue as energy minister. -- president karzai what did him to continue. he pledged to place more women in government posts in a male- dominated society. the nominations for justice, commerce, and communication also failed. among the successful reappointment or the interior minister and defense minister, but no one has been nominated to fill the post of foreign minister. it will not be decided until a conference on afghanistan takes place this month. the president said he will make some nominations but it is uncertain who he will announce. parliament has spoken and the president said he will respect its decision. the western allies will make it clear they want to tackle corruption and threaten to withhold funding from any ministry run by a corrupt politician. >> rescue operations
-speaking pashtun who had been living in exile, a man named hamid karzai, to turn the pashtuns against the taliban. and, two, beat the taliban in kandahar in their home base. did i mention we're only talking about 11 guys here? they are operational detachment alpha 574. these 11 green berets, 11 men did something in 2001 that tens of thousands of americans are trying to redo nine years later in 2010. their story and their success is told through first-hand accounts by these green berets and with the assent of the families of those who did not survive in a remarkable new book called "the only thing worth dying for, how 11 green berets forged a new afghanistan." earlier i sat down with the author eric blehm, and army major jason amerine who led this team of 11 green berets on this incredible mission. thank you for being here. major, let me start with you. the taliban stronghold of kandahar, the only thing that most americans knew about afghanistan at the time that you were there. was that kandahar was their heartland. what was the plan to beat them there and what eventually worked? >> we worked with
of canada about the cabinet picks for hamid karzai. what is the concern over the choices that president karzai is making? guest: he has now made two set of choices. he nominated one slate of cabinet officials, about 24 of them. 17 were rejected by the parliament. but arlin is in a healthy move, asserting itself. this is a good thing -- the parliament is, in a healthy move, asserting itself. this is a good thing, checks and balances. he looked at the first slate of nominees by president karzai and parliament did not like them. they did confirm the most important cabinet choices from president karzai, the minister of defense and the minister of interior, which handles all of the police. the minister of finance, the minister of agriculture, when the biggest recipients of assistance. -- one of the biggest recipient of assistance. those picks are clear. president karzai has recently over the weekend submitted a second state to replace those that were rejected the first time. these are lesser-known people. the second slate are lesser- known people. many people have not heard -- many afghans h
. president karzai told a conference that his company -- country was moving slowly toward national security. of the next 45 minutes, british and afghan leaders and the un secretary general outline their goals. general mcchrystal has the international forces serving with such distinction in afghanistan and soon to be over 100,000 strong. foreign ministers, distinguished guests representing over 70 nations and international organizations, including every single member of the 43 nation strong international security assistance force. representing also afghanistan's key regional and muslim partners with whom we are pleased to work and his involvement in this worldwide coalition to support peace and stability in this crucial region are especially welcome to. this is a decisive time for the international cooperation that is helping the afghan people secure and govern their own country. for this conference marked the beginning of the transition process, of bring the necessary conditions under which we can begin district by district, a provident -- province by province, the transferring of responsib
karzai government who stole the election and ruled only topple. so much of afghanistan is effectively run by the taliban. in addition, we've had eight years with the u.s. has isolated between the kinetic counterterrorism strategy and a counterinsurgency strategy that tries to protect people. and we have seen the last oscillation of that. this happened during the bush administration, and now it's happening again in the obama administration that we are moving back to a counterinsurgency strategy. now besides afghanistan being a much harder, not to crack that iraq we now have a lot of domestic factors affecting the u.s. policy. the american public is war weary after two wars stretched out over many years. and i think it's politically perilous for any politician in a democracy to escalate a war that is already unpopular, even lbj didn't do that when he escalated the vietnam war. u.s. spending in afghanistan is more per year than any other military spends on the planet. so we're dumping a lot of resources into afghanistan. the afghan war is expected to cost another trillion dollars over the ne
the environment wi the afghaneople? homage kzai has been defending himself from the accusation. -- homage karzai. britain's prime minister swered questions from afghan d british studts and defended his deoyment of british troops. our world om paris our wod affairs correspondent was there. >>president karzai arrives londonnowing he has repair ork to do on hiswn reputation and that of his vernment. last year's afghan elections were widelyseen as flawed by widespread corruption. at the same time, mo troops than ever were being killeor injured in the war against the taliban. was it, one studt asked, worth e price being paid? british soiers have been fighting in afghanistan for nine years. practically ha my life. ha we en any cnge in the situation over ere? will we get better? or will my children ask me the same question? >> i tnk the first thing to say i we had to takection in 2001. after the al-qaeda bombing of new york, the knowledge tt al- qaeda were opering from afghanistan, the hp that was given them by the taliban govement. the question is how can we keep our streets safe and how good the res
in the afghan parliament was a stinging rebuke to president hamid karzai, rejecting 17 of his 24 cabinet nominees. the prize move caused new disarray. two months after karzai was declared winner of a presidential election plagued by fraud. today karzai ordered parliament to cancel its winter break so it vote on a new list of nominees that he's now preparing. he's under pressure to show progress in governing by january 28 when an international conference on the afghan mission convenes in london. among the rejected nominees was influential word lord khan and the only woman karzai had named. lawmakers criticized many on the list as unqualified political cronies. several holdovers in vital posts were approved. among them the defense minister and the minister of interior. along with the ministers of finance, education, and agriculture. i spoke to afghan ambassador today and asked him how big a setback this was to karzai. >> it may be a temporary setback for the president but it's a step forward for the democracy in afghanistan. it's really happy for the parliament of afghanistan to do their j
cabinet nominees. the prize move csed new disarray. two months aer karzai was clared winner of a presential election plagued byraud. today karzai ordered parliament to cancel its winter bak so it ve on a new list of nomine that he's now preparing. 's under pressure to show progress igoverning by january 28 wn an inrnational conference on the afghan missi convenes in lond. among the rejected nominees was inuential word lord khan and e only woman karzai had named. lawmers criticized many on the list as unqualied litical cronies. sevel holdovers in vital posts were approd. among th the defense minister and the minisr of interior. along with the ministe of finance, educati, and agriculture. i spoke to afghan ambassor today and asked him how bia setbk this was to karzai. >> imay be a temporary setback for e president but it's a step forwd for the democracy in afgnistan. it's really happy fothe parliament of afghistan to do theirob the way they are supposedo be doing. >> warner: that seems like strange reacti. a tback for the president but you think it's a good thing? >> we are bu
karzai and his leadership to address this. >> what's your sense of that? have you seen any change in president's karzai steps? >> he's looking to ministers. he and i actually talked about this. his strategic intent is there. what struck me in meeting with these elders was the evolution of this corruption. so, it wasn't something that was always there. it's been over the last decade or so that they spoke to it. these same elders said to me that they were embarrassed that the united states soldier, sailors, airmen, marines were dying for them. they want to lead this effort. they appreciate what we've done, but they really want to lead this effort and this is something i know the president, president karzai is trying to engender in his leadership with his people. >> but what you talk about the leadership issue. you talked in the past about interviews about the critical need of good, local leadership. president karzai, by many accounts, is not moving forward in his second term. you know, his appointments to the cabinet were largely rejected by parliament and many on grounds that these
others have spoken to the need for president karzai and his leadership to address this. >> what's your sense of that? have you seen any change in president karzai's footsteps? >> initially -- he was -- looking to ministers and he and i actually talked about this in his strategic intent is there. what struck me in meeting with these elders was the evolution of this corruption. so it wasn't something that was always there. it has been over the last decade or so that they spoke to it. these same elders said to me that they were embarrassed, that the united states soldiers, sailors, airmen, marines were dieing and they want to lead this effort. they appreciate what we have done but they really want to lead this effort and this is something i know the president, president karzai, is trying to engender in his leadership with his people. >> you talk about the leadership issue and talked in the past and in interviews about the critical need of good local leadership. president karzai, by many accounts, is not moving forward in his second term. the -- his appointments to the cabinet were largely
to have -- that's part of the equation, and we have to have the karzai government show us that we -- it is going to truly reform. >> let's start with the karzai government, senator mccain. while you are there, president karzai is trying another time to get his cabinet approved. if he does not have faith that these people are not corrupt, if we can't get to that simple first step, how can we build institutions or repair roads and put them to work and educate them in afghanistan and build the confidence that trust the central government and not the taliban? >> they have a long way to go in the area of corruption. but the fact the parliament rejected his nominees, i think you can see a democratic process moving forward. president karzai recognizes what he just has been through was an important lesson to him. we have to keep pressing on the corruption issue. let me tell you two other things that concern me. first of all, i think we have the right strategy and the right resources and the right leadership. we went outside kandahar to an operating base where americans and afghan soldiers
this week. move in return for this additional commitment, we must agree with president karzai's plan for the expansion of the afghan army and police. we will agree today that the afghan national army will # 134,000 by october 2010. and more by 2011. we will commit to supporting a police report with afghan national police numbers preeti 9000 by october of this year. this is a present bigger than our coalition forces. we need more international trainers to do this. we are doubling the number of military teams for the afghan police starting in april of this afghan security forces will be 300,000. international forces will rise to 135,000. the balance will continue to ship toward afghan security control. as president obama made clear last month, by the middle of next year, we have to turn the tide in the fight against the insurgency and also in our work to support the afghan government. today we affirm that the increase in our military efforts must be matched with governance in economic development, a surge to match and complement the current military surge. we have agreed today to back
backed president karzai's peace plan, including the fund to pay taliban fighters to give up their weapons and be reintegrated into society. >> with the personal chemistry still clearly working, hillary clinton and david miliband speak to a conference that was intended to breathe new life into sorting out afghanistan. 70 plus representatives squzed into their seats. americans took a back seat. it was gordon brown who set out the objective. >> by the middle of next year we have to turn the tide in the fight against the insurgency and also in our work to support the afghan government in winning the trust of the people. >> how to do it, well, one important part of the strategy is to try to divide the taliban by offering them cash and jobs to leave. plenty of volunteers are just there because the taliban usually pay them well. >> reintegration is what afghan needs. we must reach out to all of our countrymen, especially our disenchanted follows. >> what he means is it using the 86 million pounds now on the table to pay the taliban not to fight western or afghan soldiers. how will the public her
as ordinary citizens. >> it was arranged that president karzai should think the british army. he expressed his sympathy for the wives and mothers of those who have been killed. >> we understand their suffering and pain. there are millions of mothers in afghanistan who feel exactly the same way. >> it is hard to avoid the feeling this conference has been about british-american public opinion just as much as it has been about the afghans themselves. a definite effort to persuade us all that this is not an open- ended war that will stretch on into the indefinite future, swallowing a money and live -- up money and lives. president karzai has been made acceptable again. we have been promised that our part in the war will begin to wind down in 18 months time. it has been a remarkable performance by the diplomats and politicians. >> well picking up where john left, six months ago, british forces launched a major operation to secure parts of helmand province against the taliban. hundreds of soldiers took part in operation panter'-- panther's claw. they have been back to the same part of helmand provin
karzai is under pressure to crack down on corruption and taliban insurgents. parliamentary elections have been delayed because of a lack of funding. it is against this backdrop that the london conference on the future of afghanistan begins wednesday. you have been talking to general stanley mcchrystal about the role his troops will play in the months and years to come. >> what is your function? are you here to defeat the taliban? are you here to shore up the government in kabul? are you here as part of a long- term military presence? are you care to make sure that american troops and foreign troops can get out next year? >> we're here to give time and space for the afghan people to build a nation. we will not build a nation for them, nor can we secure the nation for them. it must be done by afghans. as international partners, we givehem an opportunity to do that. in doing that, we also meet our own requirements. we prevent the return of transnational terrorists like al-qaeda, and the return of a repressive regime, which is pretty unacceptable to anyone. >> who are you fighting? i have bee
are demanding to be heard. muslim demonstrators called afghan president karzai a fraud. >> we are calling for the troops to be removed, the occupation to end and the israelis to be changed. >> reporter: but foreign troops won't be leaving anytime soon. britain's prime minister said the tide is turning against insurgents and predicts afghan security forces should be able to take over their own security by next year but president karzai warns some american and international forces may be needed in afghanistan for another 15 years. charlie d'agata, cbs news, london. >>> >>> let's get the latest information on the earthquake in haiti. another sign of hope amid the ruins. a 17-year-old girl was pulled out of the rubble 15 days after the quake. a french team found her. the team says she was actually moments from death. the girl is weak. she's dehydrated and she has a broken leg but she's going to survive. >>> the search and rescue team from fairfax county is coming home today. they left haiti for the dominican republic yesterday. the team is one of the first to leave for hey did and they made s
to have the karzai government show us that we, that it is going to truly reform. >> well, let's start with the karzai government. senator mccain, while you were there, president karzai is trying another time to get his cabinet approved. if he cannot even get a cabinet approved and he does not have the faith of other people in their government that they're not corrupt. if we can't get to that simple first step, how can we build institutions and how can we repair roads and put people to work and educate them in afghanistan and build the confidence of the afghan people that trust your central government, not the taliban? >> well, they have a long way to go in the area of corruption, but the fact that the parliament rejected his nominees, i think you can look at a democratic process moving forward. i believe that president karzai recognizes that what he's just been through was an important lesson to him. we have to keep pressing on the corruption issue. but let me tell you two other things that concern me, first of all, i think we have the right strategy and the right resources and the ri
problem, and we have to have -- that's part of the equation, and we have to have the karzai government show us that we -- it is going to truly reform. >> let's start with the karzai government, senator mccain. while you are there, president karzai is trying another time to get his cabinet approved. if he cannot even get a cabinet approved, he does not have the faith of other people in his government that these people aren't corrupt, they know how to do the basics of good governance. if we can't get to that simple first step, how want we build institutions and build roads, put people to work and build confidence in the afghan people, trust your central government, not the taliban? >> they have a long way to go in the area of corruption. but the fact the parliament rejected his nominees, i think you could look at a democratic process moving forward. i believe president karzai recognizes that what he's just been through was an important lesson to him. we have to keep pressing on the corruption issue. let me tell you two other things that concern me. first of all, i think we have the right
hamid karzai told the conference that is country is moving slowly toward national security but that training security forces could take years. at an opening session this morning, the british and that an leaders and the un secretary general outlined their goals for the conference. . . >> in the last year britain has suffered hundreds of fatalities per he to the countries represented today recognizes that this mission is vital for our national security. it is vital to the stability of this crucial region and it is vital to the security of our world. we set out last autumn on strategies and we're making progress. the military search is turning to the tide against the taliban- led insurgency. it is at the same time building the capacity of the afghan forces who are fighting alongside us. a civilian surge is insuring that areas are cleared of the taliban and our stabilization teams go in to work with local to halt ground that has been a superdelegate. britain is proud that we lead the largest civilian reconstruction team in afghanistan. during 2009, we doubled the number of brit
fighters or leaders using hundreds of millions of dollars, jobs, housing. afghan president hamid karzai called for a grand conference this spring, and even the involvement of saudi arabia. >> we must reach out to all the countrymen, especially our disenchanted brothers. who are not part of our al-qaeda or other terrorist networks. >> as for the fight, itself, host prime minister brown claimed the tide was turning and this marked the beginning of transfer of security if provinces to the afghan forces he said could reach 300,000 by next year. >> as they become stronger, we can hand over to them responsibility of tackling terrorism and extremism. >> still, many acknowledge the afghan troops are not close to taking over and the bulk of the fighting will be carried on by the urging u.s. forces woes numbers will reach 100,000 this year. how much will nato criticize for not stopping up enough in the past help out? >> while we are searching tens of thousands you're talking about 1,000 here, 500 here, the numbers are appreciably smaller on the european side. >> all in all it's close to the 40,0
. the fighting raged citywide for nearly five hours. today's grizzly attacks came just as afghan president karzai was swearing in members of his new cabinet. ambassador richard holbrook, u.s. special envoy to the region who just left kabul hours earlier told reporters in india that he wasn't surprised. >> they're ruthless. the people who are doing this certainly will not survive the attack nor will they succeed. but we can expect this sort of thing on a regular basis. >> warner: the taliban claims responsibility for today's attacks telling the associated press they had sent 20 militants to do the job. it was the militants' answer to karzai's recently renewed offer of reconciliation with the taliban said the u.s. institute of peace. >> the taliban spokesperson said today in claiming responsibility for the attack that they were trying to undermine or disrupt the notion that the taliban could be bought off, that they could be lured off the battlefield and instead to demonstrate that they are united and they are committed to their cause. they sent these suicide bomber into the heart of kabul. >> warn
government as well. guest: years ago when he met with hamid karzai at a dinner, someone said to him, mr. president, how are you going to address this problem of corruption? in fact, he said, what problem? joe biden, famously -- dinner was over -- he threw his napkin down and said, this dinner is over, and walked out. nothing has happened to defrost his relations with president karzai. both biden and richard holbrooke have terrible relations with karzai. host: james traub is with us to talk about the influence of joe biden. republicans, 202-737-0001. democrats, 202-737-0002. independents, 202-628-0205. you can send us an e-mail or tweet us at. next phone call. caller: i think our president is doing very well. if we wanted joe biden as president, he would be president. i like the idea that our president is intelligent. he is not a puppet, like the last eight years. i think he is doing what he is supposed to be doing. host: james traub? guest: i guess i would agree, in general. he believes he could be a good president. i believe this is almost a desirable alternative. he is a very knowledg
-nation conference on the future of afghanistan. afghan president hamid karzai said he expects foreign forces to be in his country for up to 15 years. there was also talk of a new plan to win over the taliban by allowing them into the afghanistan government. the executive of foreign editor of the london telegraph, also a terrorism expert. it is kind of like talking about both sides of your mouth. we say that this is one of the most brutal regimes on the planet and yet that they want to allow them into the afghanistan government. what do you make of that? >> reporter: well, this is a very ambitious program. the heart of the matter here is that there is a core of the taliban, the original founders who are never going to give in to the west and are always going to be an enemy. in recent years because of the we the afghan press has been handled the strength of the taliban has ground. there are a lot of people who would not normally support the taliban have been drawn in. the plan is to try and persuade them to come back into the mainstream of afghan politics by paying to lay down their guns. trac
on attacks in the capital of kabul. >> we're hearing at this moment th afghan president karzai said security has been restored to kabul but this comes after a deadly attack and fierce gun battles and potential for more attacks today. five people including a child were killed. nearly 40 people wounded in these attacks. taliban gunmen some wearing suicide vests launched coordinated assault on the presidential palace and ministry buildings. militants were holed up inside a burning shopping center that was quickly surrounded by security forces but first responders, emergency workers and police came under heavy fire from taliban sharpshooters. another suicide bomber driving an ambulance set off a huge blast. president karzai said in a statement that the enemies of afghanistan are trying to spread father among kabul citizens. he ordered security officials to do their best to make arrests right away. nbc news is reporting that western intelligence officials say there could be a good number of taliban suicide bombers still on there's in the capital today. eun, back to you. >>> now to the latest out
't have to continue. khzaei -- karzai was a great hope. everyone no knows him respected him. he might change his mind. the pressures that led him to permit and maybe support this corrupt structure could be reversed over time. the people up and down that structure might change their mind. the parliament is -- has stood up against his nominations. who's knows who's going to happen up and down that road. if we succeed in something that we can do, peter has pointed out the crucial important to the kandahar road. than doesn't be impossible to secure that. that changes the economic nature of southern afghanistan. it could get better. >> if i could just add one point. there's no question that the ghost of vietnam haunts this administration. i can tell you from being in it for 60 days. the ghost of what happened to lyndon johnson walks the corridors of this white house, it walks the corridors of this building every day. it's a mistake. we got to get over it. we got to stop fighting the vietnam war. i don't know whether we could have won or not, but it is not relevant to afghanistan. as marc p
capital. president karzai says order has been restored to the streets after teams of militants attacked government buildings. at least five people were killed. the attacks came at the same time that karzai was swearing in new members of his cabinet. >>> and president bill clinton heads to haiti. with more reports of scattered violence and looting, new troops on the way. an american health organization now estimates as many as 100,000 people were killed. >>> "the new york times" is reportedly set to begin charging readers for access to its website. the newspaper is expected to announce in the coming weeks a metered pay plan, where viewers will have access to a number of free articles before being asked to subscribe. >> they got to do it. >> they got to do it, i understand this. >> if you do great work, don't give your writing away, don't give your features away, don't give journalism away. >> i hope it works. 77% would not be willing to pay to read content online. we shall see. let's go to willie to sports. >> i have to show you the back cover of "the new york post." rex ryan. the jets i
. the book centers on this incident which i described where u.s. special operators blocked hamid karzai's planned governor for kabul. she interweaves into it a very well-written and interestingly a history that is well-written, well-organized, and based on a lot of her own research with the original sources. a second really important understanding of the country can be gotten from joe haversty's book "the opium season" which details a year in which he was involved in as a subcontractor in the usaid efforts in 2 004-2005 to provide alternative livelihood's to draw with the work force from up opium production. it gives a great view of the violence and corruption. and moreover it shows the bureaucratic profiteering and dysfunction that is increasing the complexity and cost of our involvement, not just in war, but in development. a third source, and i think it is outstanding if you want to understand the country is rory stewart, who within weeks after the fall of the taliban walked to kabul in the winter which is supposed to kill you and through pashtun villages and described that experienc
. karzai -- having legitimacy, and i do not think we have that. this will depend on achieving security, which i think is achievable, and with good government comes with our own money invested in jobs. without jobs, afghanistan will not be a positive scenario in the future, but i must conclude by pointing out that this is not going to affect our domestic national security, as we see with the last three plots. the underwear bomber came from nine cheerio region with -- came from nigeria. one of them came from somalia, and major hassan came from washington, d.c. thank you very much. [applause] >> peter has to leave at 11:00, so he should take the first few questions, and there is a microphone in the back of the room for anyone who would like to ask a question. >> i work 30 years of the journalists. i retired two years ago. my question is for peter. what i hear now is exactly what i was hearing before the iraq war, and the promise was saddam hussein was on popular. then we will have a democracy. now it is an islamic system. there is a hypothesis that afghan people love us. the last point i
karzai and afghanistan about corruption, and let him look at our government, he can say, for enough money, you can get anything passed. let me explain what that means for other states and what it means for the state of tennessee. right now, we have 50 less state troopers than we had in 1977, and we have two million more people. . without going back to the senate, go straight to the president, we have 15 million more people who have medicaid. with that comes an obligation from the state to pay for that. we don't have any money to pay for it. right now, our colleges do not have one capital improvement project on a single college campus, the university of tennessee and the 26 board of regents. not a library, dormitory or chemistry lab. we can't add any more people to our medicaid and medicare plans. mr. gingrey: some of the teachers in the great volunteer state are having to take furloughs and leaves of absences and that kind of thing. mr. roe: we are in the 1940's in education. here is another unfunded mandate that comes to the state and nebraska, the people in nebraska don't have to pay fo
.s. officials cannot have liked the message they heard from afghanistan's president today. hamid c hamid karzai warned u.s. troops may be needed for at least ten years to help train afghan forces. tom aspell is in london for us this morning. >> reporter: good morning, savannah. representatives from more than 60 countries gathered here in london seeking to buy off taliban fighters from a $500 million fund. it's hoped at least 12,000 lower-level taliban can be persuaded to abandon the insurgency and accept payment to defend their villages while western military forces go after hard-core taliban fighters. at the same time the west will effort training and equipping half g afghan aftermys to take over security duties after 2011. hamid karzai says he sees afghan forces being deployed for another decade. he says he hopes the government can establish control over the country's 34 provinces by 2015. karzai hopes to convene a meeting of afghan elders to discuss his proposals to reach out to taliban leaders, but the united states says it doesn't see any talks taking place with any top taliban leadership
this week. and karzai raised some eyebrows, it seems, by suggesting reconciliation with taliban leadership. this is by people on the ground, low-level folks, the u.s. working a way to work with those kind of taliban. but in terms of the leadership, does karzai have any international support for this concept? >> absolutely. i don't know, i mean, certainly as far as we're concerned, we weren't raising our eyebrows. that's what we were expecting to hear. because if you want to win against an insurgency, you've got to have strong military force, you've got to put pressure on the insurgents. but ultimately, this is going to be won by political means. you've got to divide the opposition and pull across as many people as possible. and that's going to happen bottom up with the low-level fighters and the middle level fighters and the tribal leaders. >> is that realistic, to think that taliban leaders want a political solution? i mean, do you make that distinguish -- i know the taliban does not equal al qaeda, but is it realistic? >> not for every single one. i think in any insurgency, in any confli
've just actually just straight from a meeting with president karzai of afghanistan who here in london for this conference. and i think it's important that the government of afghanistan does more to demonstrate that it's toughing out corruption. that it's embarking on property government and proper reform. but i think we should be clear, you know, we're not in afghanistan. to back up one particular government or one particular individual. and i don't think we're in afghanistan, frankly, to produce the perfect jeffersonian democracy. we're there because we do nt want ala and the taliban to have control of that country again. and we should have a pretty hard-headed view that what we are in this for is some basic level of stability and security so that country doesn't threaten our own security back at home any more. >> do you believe -- >> and in that case we did:bring our troops home. >> rose: do you believe that can be achieved in the next two years because the president said et cetera's going to begin to think about bringing american troops back after 18 months. >> my view is, obviousl
on the roof firing into the neighboring buildings. not far away, president karzai was swearing in new members of his cabinet. this is the man who has to try to persuade the world that he is winning the war against the taliban. president obama's special envoy in india dismissed the attack as the trial and doomed. the streets are quiet tonight. for hours today, they belong to a dozen desperate men, armed and determined, knowingly going to their own tests to show the world what they're capable of. -- they were knowingly willing to go to their own deaths to show the world what they are capable of. >> china confounding all expectations. new figures released by the government suggests it grew 8.7% last year. that puts it on course to overtake japan as the world's second-biggest economy. about 300 people died in clashes between muslims and christians in the central nigerian city. houses were set on fire. thousands of people were made homeless. curfew was imposed. restrictions were later relaxed for the residents to get food and water. in one of the biggest corporate failures in japan's history, the
it. >> let us turn our attention to afghanistan. do you have faith in president karzai that he will be able to turn sentiment around with troops on the ground there? >> i did not before. he is the president, you can argue about the election all day long. but he is the president. i want to see how the ax and reacts and works with us. getting rid of the unsavory people that have gotten into that government -- i hope he comes across -- there has been an awful lot in the way of trying to get to that country and non-haven for terrorists. it would help all of athens -- afghans. >> this spring will be the time when congress will debate afghanistan. in principle, president obama is expected to ask for as much as $33 billion more to pay for the surge in afghanistan. i was wondering whether you see it as possible for a lot of the democrats' -- potentially a supplemental, depending on what form the $33 billion would take. do you see any way that this may fail? >> i think a lot depends on how the situation is coming along in afghanistan. i think our military will do well. we have excellent
for about 2.5 hours. not far away, president karzai was swearing in new members of his cabinet. this is a man who has to try to persuade the world that he is winning the war against the taliban. the special envoy to president obama also dismissed the attack as futile and doomed. tonight, the streets of kabul are quiet, won back. but four hours today, they were -- for hours today, others had them. >> the verdict on president obama's first year. first, though, he was once the most popular politician in the ukraine, but it seems clear that the onetime hero of the orange revolution has lost his voter appeal. five years after he ushered in what looked like a new political era in ukraine, he has been precisely defeated in the election. the former prime ministers will be battling it out in an election runoff. we have this report. >> long before all of the ballots were counted, the results were clear. voters had overwhelmingly rejected the man who was at beheaded of demonstrations in 2004. -- who was at the head of demonstrations in 2004. the main beneficiary of his plummeting populari
. the attacks came as president karzai swore in some members of his new cabinet. >> as we took the oath ceremony this were terrorist attacks still ongoing near the presidential palace. this is one of the dangers which afghanistan faces. there are other dangers which are more dangerous and the damage from theman be bigger. these other dangers are from both inside and outside the country. >> reporter: as dusk approaches here in kabul, quiet has returned to the city streets. but the success of this attack by the taliban cannot be measured in conventional military terms. its impact is mainly psychological and political. and in both those areas, it was an undoubted success. david chater, al jazeera, kabul. >>> in turkey the man who shot pope john paul ii nearly 29 years ago was set free. mehmet ali agca was released from a prison on the outskirts of ankara and taken from the scene in a motorcade. you'll recall he shot the pope in st. peter's square in may 1981. two years later, the pontiff visited him in prison and forgave him for the shooting. all these years later, authorities are still uncertain w
. not so much optimism so much that they have received that hamid karzai is the winner and the united states is in again in a big way. >> is there also a reality in that their daily lives are improving? >> the improvements have been gradual. there is only a little improvement on transportation and education. there is no improvement on their sense of security from the taliban. they have seen some improvements. they are not dramatic. what has changed is their estimation of what the next few years will bring. they are staking out their future that the americans will somehow prevail. >> looked, they're saying this strategy is working. flexed too early to say that it is working, but i would say that there is a battle for the sections to be one -- >> it is too early to say that it is working, but i would said there's a battle for the elections of the future. afghanistan may be turning a corner. but there's also a lot wrong with the ordinary lives of afghans. over the last five years it has increased, but it could fade away. >> you mentioned that people were aware that the election was fraud
will visit president cause i -- hamid karzai. there is no need to make political points. afghanistan will no doubt be addressed by president obama in his state of the union address tonight but he is also expected to talk about reforms for the regulation of the banking system and no country was left more exposed to the failure of the banking system than the united kingdom. president obama has called for retail banks to be prevented from getting involved in large-scale proprietary trading. what is the government not supporting the president's proposal enthusiastically and working to bring these about? >> we are working closely internationally including one with president obama. they have different structures and different problems in the banking system which they are seeking to address and we are seeking problems in our banking system but it is important to work together internationally to be sure we can deal with the problems that have so affected all of our economies. >> it is important to work together internationally but the prime minister says he did not envy the divide in future
and come over to the government's side. hamid karzai is willing to reconcile is taliban leaders with you the offer is not for anyone in al qaeda. leaders have been pushing for a program to entice militants. they must recognize afghanistan's constitution. >> the taliban are welcome to return to to their own country and work for peace in order for us to be able then to have the u.s. and other forces have the freedom to go back home. >> shannon: nato will conduct an investigation into a strike on a outpost. it was called for yesterday after soldiers fired on u.s. and afghanistan commandos. the afghan soldiers thought the unit was taliban militants and call it an unfortunate incidents. >> world leaders of the international conference on afghanistan agreed to a timetable obscurity duties but other issues remain unresolved. joining us, michael owe o'han lynn. >>> so this idea of reconciling with some of the taliban or inviting them to join the government in what it's trying to do, is it a good idea? >> it's early. we haven't established momentum on the battlefield. once we do, an offer can be
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